The City of Westminster features many of prime central London’s trophy areas, including Mayfair, Marylebone, Pimlico, Belgravia, Victoria, St John’s Wood and the West End.
The borough stretches across an area no more than one mile from Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster. As one of London’s oldest areas, almost half of its housing stock dates back to before the 1900s.
Westminster was once a far cry from the exclusive and desirable locale it is today, with Charles Dickens’ novels purportedly inspired by the overcrowded area immediately surrounding Westminster Abbey.
The borough began its transformation into the area we know today in 1850, when London’s modern infrastructure began taking shape and office blocks, shops and high-end apartment buildings were erected.
Many of Westminster’s pre-1900 social tenement style housing estates have survived into the 21st century and are considered architectural celebrations which add to the area’s unique character.
1980s and beyond
Modern Westminster is architecturally diverse, with impressive Victorian and Edwardian mansion blocks sitting beside listed buildings and social housing, while luxury new home developments overlook some of the capital’s most iconic buildings.
21st century property development
New homes and the £2bn redevelopment of Victoria have put Westminster firmly back on the prime central London grid.
Mayfair in particular has seen a major transformation of commercial to residential property over the past few years, with a strong new-build pipeline continuing to place the area in the international spotlight. This trend is also evident in Marylebone, where large houses previously broken up into offices are being converted back into houses.
One example of a new development in the borough is the collection of 116 apartments at Riverwalk. Located on the north bank of the Thames, the apartments offer direct river views and outside space in the heart of Westminster.
In addition, the planned ten-storey residential scheme Lincoln Square will replace a vacant 1960s concrete office building on an island site in the Strand Conservation Area. Important institutional buildings, including the Royal Courts of Justice, will surround it.