The History of London’s Housing Stock

Discover how London’s housing has evolved throughout the decades with our interactive tool

London has grown exponentially as it’s evolved into the megacity we know today. The 32 boroughs that make up this thriving metropolis are unique in their own right and from a historical perspective, each one has a notable and unique story. From the luxurious pre-1900 houses and garden squares in Knightsbridge, to the housing expansion and regeneration around Canary Wharf in recent years, London’s homes are as diverse as its inhabitants.

With this in mind, Knight Frank is pleased to launch a new, interactive report aimed at sharing unique insight into the Capital’s housing history for both residents and visitors alike. Our interactive tool uses housing data from the past 120 years, to visualise 14 unique stories connected to some of the Capital’s most notable areas. These boroughs showcase the dramatic changes in that area, while also highlighting their significance to the overall landscape of London’s housing.

To begin, click on an area or select a borough from the drop-down list.

Understand and compare complex data with our helpful infographics and read the full narrative to learn all about each London borough.

richmond upon thames area

Barking & Dagenham Brent Islington Camden Tower Hamlets Harrow City of London Westminster Southwark Lambeth Wandsworth Kensington Richmond Upon Thames Hammersmith & Fulham

Housing Stock in Richmond Upon Thames

One of the capital’s most picturesque boroughs, Richmond on Thames has developed far fewer homes than its London counterparts in recent years.

richmond upon thames area

Age of Housing Stock in

Pre 1900
20.48%

richmond upon thames area
  •  
    Pre 1900
    20.48%
  •  
    1900-1918
    18.05%
  •  
    1919-1929
    10.12%
  •  
    1930-1939
    14.66%
  •  
    1945-1954
    3.47%
  •  
    1955-1964
    6.06%
  •  
    1965-1972
    7.18%
  •  
    1973-1982
    6.19%
  •  
    1983-1992
    3.43%
  •  
    1993-1999
    3.16%
  •  
    2000-2009
    4.45%
  •  
    2010-2014
    1.51%

"Despite being bombed during World War II, Richmond’s housing stock was left relatively unscathed."

One of the capital’s most picturesque boroughs, Richmond on Thames has developed far fewer homes than its London counterparts in recent years. Due in part to the considerable amount of land protected under conservation status, Richmond also simply does not have enough vacant land upon which to build.

early richmond upon thames

Founded in the 1500s following Henry VII's building of Richmond Palace, Richmond was formerly part of the ancient parish of Kingston upon Thames in the county of Surrey.

The construction of Richmond Bridge in the 18th century, and the direct route to London it provided, drew wealthy landowners and families of note to the area. This in turn saw the building of handsome Georgian terraces and stately homes – many of which remain well preserved today and have listed building architectural or heritage status.

Throughout the ages, Richmond’s housing has been designed for the wealthy. The area’s grand detached family homes reflect this; ranging in style from Queen Anne to Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian.

Despite being bombed during World War II, Richmond’s housing stock was left relatively unscathed. This lack of opportunity to replace existing homes explains the very few 1920-30s or post war housing in the borough.

modern richmond river

21st century development

Home to London's largest park and some of the capital's most breathtaking views, the borough has very few hish-rise developments. However, the Georgian, Edwardian and Victorian villas, contemporary new build and riverside homes ensure that Richmond's housing stock is diverse.

High density developments have taken place in existing buildings, such as The Star and Garter, or have replaced more institutional buildings; evident in The Richmond Bridge development on the Twickenham side of the river. Have a look at these beautiful properties and more on our property listing page.

"Home to London’s largest park and some of the capital’s most breathtaking views, much of the borough has very few high-rise new developments."

Find out more about today's charming Richmond Upon Thames from our estate agent area guides.

Click on the links below to explore other boroughs in London

London’s historical housing stock data comes from the Valuation Office Agency (VOA) and was analysed by Knight Frank